PAS Tech Papers


PAS Monitor Technical References

# Reference
1 H. Burtscher, L. Scherrer, A. Schmidt-Ott, H.C. Seigmann ,Probing Aerosols by Photoelectric Charging ,J. Appl. Physics ,53, 3787, 1982
2 H. Burtscher, A. Schmidt-Ott, H.C. Seigmann ,Photoelectric Charging and Detection of Ultrafine Particles,Atmos. Environ. ,17, 655, 1983
3 H. C. Seigman, H. Burtscher and A. Schmidt-Ott ,Photoelectric Detection and Study of Specific Ultrafine Particles from Combustion ,Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. ,36, 1335, 1983
4 H. Burtscher and A. Schmidt-Ott ,Surface Enrichment of Soot Particles in Photoelectrically Active Trace Species ,Sci. Tot. Environ. ,36, 233, 1984
5 R. Niessner ,The Chemical Response of the Photoelectric Aerosol Sensor to Different Aerosol Systems ,J. Aerosol. Sci. ,17, 705, 1986
6 H. Burtscher and A. Schmidt-Ott ,In Situ Measurement of Adsorption and Condensation of a Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon on Ultrafine Carbon Particles by Measurement of Photoemission ,J. Aerosol Sci. ,18, 699, 1986
7 H. Burtscher, A. Schmidt-Ott and H. C. Seigmann ,Monitoring Particulate Emissions from Combustion by Photoemission ,Aerosol Science ,18, 125, 1988
8 R. Neissner, W. Robers and P. Wilbring ,Laser Induced Photoelectric Charging of PAH Contaminated Ultrafine Aerosols ,Analytical Chemistry ,61, 320, 1989
9 R. Neissner and G. Walendzik ,The Photoelectric Aerosol Sensor as a Fast Responding and Sensitive PAH Detection System for Cigarette Smoke Analysis ,Fres. Z. Anal. Chem. ,333, 129, 1989
10 R. Neissner and P. Wilbring ,Ultrafine Particles as Trace Catchers for PAHs: The Photoelectric Aerosol Sensor as a Tool for In-Situ Sorption and Desorption Studies ,Analytical Chemistry ,67, 708, 1989
11 R. Neissner and P. Wilbring ,Determination of the Sorption and Desorption -- Properties from PAH Coated Ultrafine particles with the Photoelectric Aerosol Sensor ,Fres. Z. Anal. Chem. ,333, 439, 1989
12 A. Zajc, E. Uhlig, H. Hackfort and R. Neissner ,Online and Insitu Control of Aerosol Emission from Hazardous Waste Combustion ,J. Aerosol Sci. ,20, 1465, 1989
13 R. Neissner, B. Hemmerich and P. Wilbring ,Aerosol Photoemission for Quantification of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Simple Mixtures Adsorbed on Carbonaceous and Sodium Chloride Aerosols ,Analytical Chemistry ,62, 2071, 1990
14 A. Leonardi, H. Burtscher ,Ambient Aerosol Characterization by Comparison of Particle Size and Mass with Epiphaniometer and Photoemission Data ,J. Aerosol Sci. ,21, 189, 1990
15 S. McDow, W. Gieger et al ,Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Combustion Aerosol Photoemission ,Atmos. Environ. ,24A, 2911, 1990
16 H. Burtscher ,Measurement and Characteristics of Combustion Aerosols with Special Consideration of Photoelectric Charging and Charging by Flame Ions ,J. Aerosol Sci. ,23, 549, 1992
17 Wilson, N.K, R. K. Barbour, Jane Chuang and R. Mukund ,Evaluation of a real-time Monitor for Fine Particle-Bound PAH in Air,Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds ,5, 167-174, 1994
18 Wayne Ott, Nancy K. Wilson, Neil Klepeis and Paul Switzer ,Real-time Monitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Respirable Suspended Particles from Environmental Tobacco Smoke in a Home,Conference Proceedings ,Paper presented at the International Symposium, Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants, Organized by US EPA and Air & Waste Management Association, Durham, May 1994
19 Paul Lemieux ,Pilot-Scale Evaluation of the Potential for Emissions of Hazardous Air Pollutants from Combustion of tire-derived fuel ,US EPA Report ,EPA-600/R-94-070, April 1994
20 Steven Nabinger, Andrew Persily, Katherine Sharpless, Stephen Wise ,Measurements of Indoor Pollutant Emissions from EPA Phase II Wood Stoves ,NIST Report ,NISTIR 5575, February 1995
21 Timothy J. Buckley and Wayne Ott ,Demonstration of real-time measurements of PAH and CO to estimate in-vehicle exposure and identify sources ,Conference Proceedings ,Paper presented at the International Symposium, Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants, Organized by US EPA and Air & Waste Management Association, Durham, May 1996
22 Larry Waterland, Marta Richards, Behrooz Ghorishi and Dan Burns ,Testing the performance of Continuous Emission Monitors for Measuring Trace Metals and Organic Species Emissions from Incinerators ,Conference Proceedings ,Paper A261 presented at the Annual AWMA Technical Meeting, Nashville TN, June 1996
23 G. Agnesod, R. De Maria, M. Fontana and M. Zublena,Determination of PAH in airborne particulate: comarison between off-line sampling techniques and an automatic analyser based on a photoelectric aerosol sensor ,The Science of the Total Environment ,189/190, 443-449, 1996
24 S. M. Wall , Improved Methods for PAH Combustion Source Sampling,Report prepared California Department of Health Services for the California Air Resources Board, Contract No. A932-098 1996,1996
25 J. G. Seebold ,The Origin and Fate of Trace Toxic Emissions in the External Combustion of Gaseous Hydrocarbon Fuels by Means of Highly-reactive Turbulent Jet Diffusion ,Paper presented at the Fourth International Conference on Technologies and Combustion for a Clean Environment, Lisbon, Portugal , July 7-10, 1997
26 C. Huglin, L. Scherrer and H. Burtscher ,An accurate, continuously adjustable dilution system (1:10 to 1:104) for submicron aerosols,J. Aerosol Sci. ,28, 6, 1049-1055, 1997
27 K. Siegmann and H. C. Siegmann ,Molecular Precursor of Soot and Quantification of the Associated Health Risk ,Current Problems in Condensed Matter --- Plenum Press, New York ,143-160, 1998
28 R. Wasserkort, A. Hartmann, R. M. Widmer and H. Burtscher ,Correlation between On-Line PAH Detection in Airborne Particle Samples and their bacterial Genotoxicity ,Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety ,40, 126-136, 1998
29 S. M. Wall ,Comparison of a New Automated Dilution Sampler with the Conventional EPA Source Test Method for Measuring PAH in Diesel Combustion Aerosol ,J. Aerosol Science ,29, Suppl.1, S957-S958, 1998
30 H. Hepp and K. Siegmann, Mapping of Soot Particles in a Weakly Sooting Diffusion Flame by Aerosol Techniques, Combustion and Flame, 115:275-283, 1998
31 D. W. Hahn, K. R. Hencken, H. A. Johnsen, J. R. Ross, P. M. Walsh, R. H. Christy, and S. D. Ziman ,Real-Time Measurements of Particulate Matter and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emissions from Stationary Combustion Sources Used in Oil and Gas Production ,Paper presented at the Conference: Living in a Global Environment, Sponsored by AWMA and US EPA, New Orleans, LA ,Emission Inventory: Living in a Global Environment Vol. II, Air & Waste Management Association, Sewickley, PA, pp. 1175-1193, 1999
32 S. J. Mcbride, A. R. Ferro, W. R. Ott, P Switzer and L. M. Hildemann ,Investigations of the proximity effect for pollutants in the indoor environment ,Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology ,9, 602-621, 1999
33 N. E. Klepeis, W. R. Ott and J. L. Repace ,The effect of cigar smoking on indoor levels of carbon monoxide and particles ,Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology ,9, 6, 622-635, 1999
34 S. D. Dubowsky, L. A. Wallace and T. J. Buckley ,The contribution of traffic to indoor concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ,Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology ,9, 4, 312-321, 1999
35 O. Ueckert and K. Siegmann ,Soot Particle Deposition in the Human Respiratory Tract ,J. Aerosol Science ,30, Supplement1, S797-798, 1999
36 K. Siegmann, L. Scherrer and H. C. Siegmann ,Physical and Chemical Properties of Airborne Nanoscale Particles and How to Measure the Impact on Human Health ,Journal of Molecular Structure (Theochem) ,458, 191-201, 1999
37 U. Matter, H. C. Siegmann and H. Burtscher ,Dynamic Field Measurements of Submicron Particles from Diesel Engines ,Environ. Sci. Technol. ,33, 1946-1952, 1999
38 J. C. Chuang, P. J. Callahan, C. W. Lyu and N. K. Wilson ,Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Exposures of Children in Low-Income Families ,Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology ,2, 85-98, 1999
39 G. Skillas, C. Huglin, H. C. ,Siegmann Determination of air exchange rates of rooms and deposition factors for fine particles by means of photoelectric aerosol sensors ,Indoor Built Environment ,2907-2909, 1999
40 J. W. Childers, C. L. Witherspoon, L. B. Smith and J. D. Pleil, Real-Time and Integrated Measurement of Potential Human Exposure to Particle-Bound Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) from Aircraft Exhaust, Environamental Health Perspectives, 108:853, 2000
41 L. Wallace ,Real-Time Monitoring of Particles, PAH, and CO in an Occupied Townhouse , Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene ,15, 1, 39-47, 2000
42 Q. Zhiqiang, K. Siegmann. A. Keller, U. Matter, L. Scherrer and H. C. Siegmann ,Nanoparticle Air pollution in major cities and its origin ,Atmospheric Environment ,34, 443-451, 2000
43 M. Junker et al, Airborne particle number profiles, particle mass distributions and particle-bound PAH concentrations within the city environment of Basel: an assessment as part of the BRISKA project, Atmospheric Environment, 34:3171-3181, 2000
44 J. C. Dunbar, C. Lin, I. Vergucht, J. Wong and J. L. Durant, Estimating the Contributions of Mobile Sources of PAH to Urban Air Using Real-Time PAH Monitoring, The Science of the Total Environment, 279, 1-19, 2001
45 A. Keller and H. C. Siegmann, The Role of Condensation and Coagulation in Aerosol Monitoring, Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 11, 441-448, 2001.
46 J. I. Levy, E. A. Houseman, J. D. Spengler, P. Loh and L. Ryan, Fine Particulate Matter and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Concentration Patterns in Roxbury, Massachusetts: A Community-Based GIS Analysis, Environamental Health Perspectives, 109:341, 2001
47 S. Tang, R. Johnson, T. Lanni and W. Webster, Monitoring of PM-Bound Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Diesel Vehicles by Photoelectric Aerosol Sensor (PAS), Paper presented at SAE Annual Meeting 01-3578, 2001
48 M. Kasper, U. Matter, H. Burtscher, N. Bukowiecki and A. Mayer, NanoMet, a New Instument for On-line Size and Substance-Specific Particle Emission Analysis, Paper presented at SAE Annual Meeting 01-0216, 2001
49 Keller, M. Fierz, K. Siegmann and H. Siegmann, Surface science with nanosized particles in a carrier gas, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19(1) 2001
50 J. I. Levy, T Dumyahn and J. D. Spengler, Particulate Matter and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Concentrations in Indoor and Outdoor Microenvironments in Boston, Massachusetts, Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 12, 104-114, 2002.
51 K. Przybilla, W. Berkhahn, H. Burtscher, D. Dahmann, U. Matter and P. Rietschel, Monitoring diesel particulates in working areas with the photoelectric aerosol sensor, Gefahrstoffe – Reinhaltung der Luft, 62: 279, 2002
52 N. Bukowiecki, D. B. Kittleson, W. F. Watts, H. Burthscher, E. Weigartner and U. Baltensperger, Real-time characterizaton of ultrafine and accumulation mode particles in ambient combustion aerosols, Journal of Aerosol Science, 33:1139-1154, 2002
53 T. Chetwittayachan, D. Shimazaki and K. Yamamoto, A comparison of temporal variation of particle-bound polyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pPAHs) concentration in different urban environments: Tokyo, Japan, and Bangkok, Thailand, Atmospheric Environment, 36:2027-2037, 2002
54 M. Leutwyler, K. Siegmann and Ch. Monn, Suspended particulate matter in railway coaches, Atmospheric Environment, 36:1-7, 2002
55 A. Sapkota and T. J. Buckley, The Mobile Source Effect on Curbside 1,3-Butadiene, Benzene, and Particle-Bound Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Assessed at a Tollbooth, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 53:740-748, 2003
56 W. Ott, N. E. Klepeis, and P. Switzer, Analytical Solutions to Compartmental Indoor Air Quality Models with Application to Environmental Tobacco Smoke Concentrations Measured in a House, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 53:918-936, 2003
57 H. Moshammer and M. Neuberger, The active surface of suspended particles as a predictor of lung function and pulmonary symptoms in Austrian school children, Atmospheric Environment, 37:1737-1744, 2003
58 D. R. Fitz, A. M. Winer and S. Colome, Characterizing the Range of Children’s Pollutant Exposure During School Bus Commutes, Report prepared for the California Air Resources Board, Contract No. 00-322, October 10, 2003
59 K. E. Kelly et al, Characterization of Exhaust Particles from Military Vehicles Fueled with Diesel, Gasoline and JP-8, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc. 53:273-282, 2003
60 H. Saathoff et al, The AIDA soot aerosol characterization campaign 1999, Journal of Aerosol Science, 34:1277-1296, 2003
61 J. Repace, Respirable Particles and Carcinogens in the Air of Delaware Hospitality Venues Before and After a Smoking Ban, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 46-887-905, 2004
62 L. C. Marr, L. Grogan, H. Wohrnschimmel, L. Molina, M. Molina, T. Smith and E. Garshick, Vehicle Traffic as a Source of Particulate Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Exposure in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area, Environ. Sci. Technol. 38:2584-2592, 2004
63 R. A. Jenkins, R. H. Linger, B. A. Tomkins and D. W. Peters, Development and Application of Protocols for the Determination of Response of Real-Time Particle Monitors to Common Indoor Aerosols, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc. 54:229-241, 2004
64 E. Velasco, P. Siegmann and H. Siegmann, Exploratory study of particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in different environments of Mexico City, Atmospheric Environment, 38:4957-4968, 2004
65 D. B. Kittleson, W. F. Watts, J. C. Savstrom and J. P. Johnson, Influence of a catalytic stripper on the response of real time aerosol instruments to diesel exhaust aerosol, Journal of Aerosol Science, 36:1089-1107, 2005
66 H. Burtscher, Physical characterization of particulate emissions from diesel engines: a review, Journal of Aerosol Science, 36:896-932, 2005
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